We developed an accurate and efficient method for measuring the refractive indices of a transparent plate by analyzing the transmitted intensity versus angle of incidence. By using two different wavelengths, we resolved the 2π-ambiguity inherent to the phase measurement involving a thick medium, leading to independent determination of the absolute index of refraction and the thickness with a relative uncertainty of 10-5. The validity and the accuracy of our method were confirmed with a standard reference material. Furthermore, our method is insensitive to environmental perturbations, and simple to implement, compared to the conventional index measurement methods providing similar accuracy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics