Maternal Bonding Predicts Actigraphy-Measured Sleep Parameters in Depressed and Nondepressed Adults

Darlynn M. Rojo-Wissar, John R. McQuaid, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Devan N. Gengler, Patricia L. Haynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Associations between subjective maternal bonding recalled from the first 16 years of life and current sleep indices were investigated in a clinical sample of 34 adults with major depressive disorder and 36 normal controls (n = 70) using the self-report parental bonding instrument and wrist actigraphy. Results of multiple linear regression analyses indicated that reports of maternal bonding indices were associated with several sleep indices in adulthood independent of depression status. Higher levels of maternal care were associated with greater time in bed and total sleep time. Higher levels of maternal overprotection were associated with fewer awakenings. Findings indicate that reported maternal bonding characteristics in childhood are related to objectively measured sleep characteristics in adulthood, independent of mood state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-37
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • PBI
  • Parental bonding instrument
  • actigraphy
  • depression
  • sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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