Massive Stars in the SDSS-IV/APOGEE-2 Survey. II. OB-stars in the W345 Complexes

Alexandre Roman-Lopes, Carlos G. Román-Zúñiga, Mauricio Tapia, Jesús Hernández, Valeria Ramírez-Preciado, Guy S. Stringfellow, Jason E. Ybarra, Jinyoung Serena Kim, Dante Minniti, Kevin R. Covey, Marina Kounkel, Genaro Suárez, Jura Borissova, D. A. García-Hernández, Olga Zamora, Juan David Trujillo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this work, we have applied a semi-empirical spectral classification method for OB-stars using the APOGEE spectrograph to a sample of candidates in the W3-W4-W5 (W345) complexes. These massive star-forming regions span over 200 pc across the Perseus arm and have a notorious population of massive stars, from which a large fraction are members of various embedded and young open clusters. From 288 APOGEE spectra showing H-band spectral features typical of O- and B-type sources, 46 probably correspond to previously unknown O-type stars. Therefore, we confirm that Br11-Br13 together with He ii λ16923 (7-12) and He ii λ15723 (7-13) lines contained in the APOGEE spectral bands are useful in providing spectral classification down to one spectral sub-class for massive stars in regions as distant as d ≈ 2 kpc. The large number of newly found O-type stars as well as the numerous intermediate-mass population confirm that W345 is a very efficient massive star factory, with an integral stellar population probably amounting several thousand solar masses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number66
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2019


  • Galaxy: stellar content
  • infrared: stars
  • stars: early-type
  • stars: massive
  • techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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  • Massive stars in SDSS/APOGEE-2. II. W3-W4-W5

    Roman-Lopes, A. (Creator), Román-Zúñiga, C. G. (Contributor), Tapia, M. (Creator), Hernández, J. (Contributor), Ramírez-Preciado, V. (Contributor), Stringfellow, G. S. (Creator), Ybarra, J. E. (Creator), Kim, J. S. (Creator), Minniti, D. (Creator), Covey, K. R. (Creator), Kounkel, M. (Creator), Suárez, G. (Contributor), Borissova, J. (Creator), García-Hernández, D. A. (Contributor), Zamora, O. (Creator), Trujillo, J. D. (Creator), Tapia, M. (Creator), Stringfellow, G. S. (Creator) & Minniti, D. (Creator), Centre de Donnees Strasbourg (CDS), 2020


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