Streptokinase saves lives in patients suffering a myocardial infarction. However, because nearly all humans tested show antibodies against streptokinase, allergic reactions to streptokinase are common and may be severe. In this report we have analysed antibodies purified from normal blood donors and patients, before and after streptokinase therapy, to identify antigenic regions of the streptokinase molecule. Antibody to streptokinase was seen in all subjects, but there were 20-30-fold differences between individuals in the antibody titer. These individual differences in titer persisted after SK treatment, though the titer for all patients rose an average of 7-fold 1 week after streptokinase therapy. To identify the regions of streptokinase to which the antibody bound, we employed a panel of well-characterized murine monoclonal antibodies and recombinant streptokinase truncated fragments. Antibodies to three discrete regions of streptokinase could be detected in all patients. Antibodies to two other regions, at the amino terminal and carboxyl terminus of the molecule, were found in many but not in all patients. However, antibodies to a sixth region of streptokinase were uncommon and of very low titer. Interestingly, individuals receiving streptokinase tended to show the same pattern of immunoreactivity after treatment as they had prior to streptokinase. We conclude that although individual differences exist in the titers of streptokinase antibody, certain regions of streptokinase appear to be more antigenic or immunodominant.
- human anti-streptokinase antibodies (Hu anti-SK Abs)
- murine monoclonal anti-streptokinase antibodies (anti-SK mAbs)
- recombinant streptokinase truncated fragments
- streptokinase (SK)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology