Mapping and making gangland: A legacy of redlining and enjoining gang neighbourhoods in Los Angeles

Stefano Bloch, Susan A. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We provide an example of how race- and place-based legacies of disinvestment initiated by New Deal Era redlining regimes under the auspices of the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation (HOLC) were followed by decades of anti-gang over-policing tactics at the scale of the neighbourhood. We show how HOLC-mediated and mapped redlining has sustained community disinvestment and stigmatisation wrought by unjust and racist social policy seen to this day in contemporary geographies of gang abatement in the form of mapped gang injunction ‘safety zones’. As we illustrate with the use of two case studies from Los Angeles – in South-Central LA and LA’s San Fernando Valley – it is overwhelmingly redlined neighbourhoods that have remained marginalised, becoming civilly enjoined ‘gang’ neighbourhoods faced with oppressive anti-gang policing tactics over the past few decades.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-770
Number of pages21
JournalUrban Studies
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Los Angeles
  • gang injunctions
  • gangs
  • mapping
  • policing
  • redlining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Urban Studies

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