Primary mediastinal germ cell tumors with somatic malignancies are rare. We report a case of a 34-year old man with melanoma arising in a primary mediastinal mixed germ cell tumor. On initial biopsy, the patient was found to have a germ cell tumor containing yolk sac and embryonal components only. After chemotherapy, histopathological evaluation of the residual tumor in the wide local resection specimen revealed a mature teratoma with melanoma. Molecular studies demonstrated that the residual germ cell tumor harbored KIT and NRAS mutations associated with malignant melanoma.
- Mediastinal germ cell tumor
- Molecular analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology