Maintaining equal operating conditions for all cells in a fuel cell stack using an external flow distributor

Hong Liu, Peiwen Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


This paper presents a novel fuel cell stack architecture that allows each fuel cell to work at the same condition, maintaining the same performance from each individual cell and creating a maximum power output from the cell stack. A fuel cell stack having four PEM fuel cells was fabricated to experimentally compare its performance when fuel and air supplying/distribution schemes are different. The performance of the fuel cell stack and individual cells in the stack is measured to achieve a detailed evaluation of the effect of the different fuel and air supplying schemes. Experimental data shows that non-uniform flow distribution to individual cells has a considerable influence on individual cell performance, which affects the power output of the fuel cell stack. The fuel cell stack with the novel approach of fuel and air feeding shows a better power output performance compared to a different fuel and air feeding approach to the fuel cell stack.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3757-3766
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2013


  • Flow distribution schemes
  • Fuel cell stack
  • Maximize power
  • Uniform flow distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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