MAGGIC, STS, and EuroSCORE II Risk Score Comparison After Aortic and Mitral Valve Surgery

David X. Zhuo, Kenneth C. Bilchick, Kajal P. Shah, Nishaki K. Mehta, Hunter Mwansa, Kanasa Nkanza-Kabaso, Younghoon Kwon, Khadijah K. Breathett, Ebony J. Hilton-Buchholz, Sula Mazimba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the Meta-Analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure (MAGGIC) risk score with the established Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) and EuroSCORE II risk prediction models regarding mortality discrimination after aortic and mitral valve surgery. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Single tertiary academic medical center. Participants: A total of 259 patients who underwent open aortic valve replacement or open mitral valve repair/replacement from 2009-2014. Interventions: Retrospective chart review. Measurements and Main Results: MAGGIC, STS, and EuroSCORE II risk scores for each patient were studied using binary logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analysis for the primary endpoint of one-year mortality and secondary endpoint of 30-day mortality. One-year mortality C-statistics were similar across risk scores (STS 0.709, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.578-0.841; MAGGIC 0.673, 95% CI 0.547-0.799; EuroSCORE II 0.642, 95% CI 0.521-0.762; p = 0.56 between STS and MAGGIC; p = 0.20 between STS and EuroSCORE II; and p = 0.69 between MAGGIC and EuroSCORE II). Thirty-day mortality C-statistics also were similar between STS (0.797, 95% CI 0.655-0.939; p < 0.0001 v null hypothesis), MAGGIC (0.721, 95% CI 0.581-0.860; p = 0.33 v STS), and EuroSCORE II (0.688, 95% CI 0.557-0.818; p = 0.06 v STS; p = 0.68 v MAGGIC). Conclusions: The MAGGIC risk score performs similarly to STS and EuroSCORE II risk models in mortality discrimination after aortic and mitral valve surgery, albeit in a small sample size. This finding has important implications in establishing MAGGIC as a viable prognostic model in this population subset, with fewer variables and ease of use representing key advantages over STS and EuroSCORE II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1806-1812
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EuroSCORE II
  • MAGGIC
  • Meta-Analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure
  • STS
  • Society of Thoracic Surgeons
  • aortic valve replacement
  • mitral valve repair/replacement
  • mortality
  • perioperative risk assessment
  • valvular heart surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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