We have analyzed the requirement for the expression of the major surface glycoprotein (G protein) of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) on target cells for recognition and lysis by anti-VSV cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). In addition, we have attempted to determine if the carbohydrate moieties on the G protein are required for recognition and lysis by anti-VSV CTL. When VSV (Orsay) is grown at 30°C in the presence of tunicamycin (TM), glycosylation of G protein is inhibited; however, nonglycosylated G protein is found on the surface of the cell and active virus particles are produced. In contrast, VSV (Orsay) grown at 39°C in the presence of TM produces low titers of virus and the presence of G protein on the surface of cells is not detectable. The susceptibility of these target cells to lysis by anti-VSV CTL was analyzed. The results suggest that expression of the G protein is required for target cell lysis by anti-VSV CTL. However, the presence of the carbohydrate moieties on the G protein are not an absolute requirement for recognition by anti-VSV CTL. VSV-infected target cells incubated in the presence of TM were lysed by anti-VSV CTL up to 50 to 80% of the infected target cell control. This result suggests either that some clones of anti-VSV CTL recognize carbohydrate moieties or that carbohydrate moieties play some as yet undefined nonantigenic role in the recognition of the target antigen by the CTL receptor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy