Lusztig Factorization Dynamics of the Full Kostant–Toda Lattices

Nicholas M. Ercolani, Jonathan Ramalheira-Tsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study extensions of the classical Toda lattices at several different space–time scales. These extensions are from the classical tridiagonal phase spaces to the phase space of full Hessenberg matrices, referred to as the Full Kostant–Toda Lattice. Our formulation makes it natural to make further Lie-theoretic generalizations to dual spaces of Borel–Lie algebras. Our study brings into play factorizations of Loewner–Whitney type in terms of canonical coordinatizations due to Lusztig. Using these coordinates we formulate precise conditions for the well-posedness of the dynamics at the different space–time scales. Along the way we derive a novel, minimal box–ball system for the Full Kostant–Toda Lattice that does not involve any capacities or colorings, and which has a natural interpretation in terms of the Robinson–Schensted–Knuth algorithm. We provide as well an extension of O’Connell’s ordinary differential equations to the Full Kostant–Toda Lattice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalMathematical Physics Analysis and Geometry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • Box–ball system
  • Integrability
  • Lusztig factorization
  • Toda lattice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematical Physics
  • Geometry and Topology


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