Lubbock Lake: Late Quaternary cultural and environmental change on the Southern High Plains, USA

Eileen Johnson, Vance T. Holliday

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Lubbock Lake (Southern High Plains of Texas) contains a cultural, faunal, and floral record within a virtually complete geological record spanning the past 11 100+ years. More than 88 archaeological occurrences have been excavated from five major stratigraphic units. The Paleoindian record (11 500–6500yr BP) begins with Clovis‐age occupation (ca. 11 100yr BP) found within fluvial deposits (stratum 1). Subsequent Paleoindian occupations are found in lake and marsh sediments (stratum 2). Archaic occupations (8500‐2000yr BP) are contained within aeolian and marsh deposits (strata 3 and 4). Ceramic occupations (2000‐500yr BP) are found on a soil developed in stratum 4, in marsh sediments (strata 4 and 5), and in slopewash and aeolian sediments (stratum 5). The Protohistoric (500‐300yr BP) and Historic (300‐100yr BP) remains are in slopewash, aeolian, and marsh sediments (stratum 5) and associated soils. The Southern High Plains remained a grasslands throughout the last 11 500 years and neither man nor bison abandoned the region. The successive local faunas reflect changing ecosystems under pluvial to arid to more mesic to semiarid conditions. The occupation of Lubbock Lake through time appears to have been by small groups of people for both economic and short‐term residential uses. These hunter‐gatherer peoples underwent adaptive change brought about by climatic stress and alterations to food resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-165
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1989


  • Hunter‐gatherer peoples
  • chronology
  • long‐term human occupation
  • palaeoecology
  • stratigraphy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Palaeontology


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