Lower Mantle Seismicity Following the 2015 Mw 7.9 Bonin Islands Deep-Focus Earthquake

Eric Kiser, Haiyang Kehoe, Min Chen, Amanda Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deep-focus earthquakes provide insight into how subducting slabs deform over a range of spatial and temporal scales as they descend into the mantle. This study uses a 4D source imaging approach to determine centroid locations of the 2015 Mw 7.9 Bonin Islands deep-focus earthquake and its aftershock sequence. Imaged sources of the mainshock show a complex rupture, but one that is compatible with a sub-horizontal rupture plane. Previously undetected early aftershocks are imaged down to depths of approximately 750 km and represent the first reported earthquakes that initiate in the lower mantle. These events and a previously reported group of shallower distal aftershocks occur at the lower and upper boundaries of an imaged slab segment that deforms as it penetrates into the lower mantle. We hypothesize that mainshock failure allowed gravitational settling of the slab segment to occur which produced the distal aftershock sequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021GL093111
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume48
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 16 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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