Low-Profile, Electrically Small, Ultra-Wideband Antenna Enabled with an Inductive Grid Array Metasurface

Qingli Lin, Ming Chun Tang, Xiaoming Chen, Da Yi, Mei Li, Richard W. Ziolkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A low-profile, electrically small, ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna enabled with a grid array metasurface is presented. The design incorporates a driven dipole, an electric near-field resonant parasitic (NFRP) element, and a grid array structure which operates as an inductive metasurface. The NFRP element is an Egyptian axe dipole (EAD) that is excited by the driven dipole. This combination itself is an electrically small NFRP dipole antenna. In contrast to previous versions, its operation in both its first and third resonant modes is established. The presence of the grid, which consists of identical interconnected rectangular loops, then provides a new dipole mode and facilitates the reduction of the frequency ratio of the NFRP dipole’s modes. The resulting overlap of these three resonant modes yields the UWB operation. The electrically small (ka = 0.92), low profile (0.003 λ0) antenna exhibits uniform radiation patterns and stable and high radiation efficiency performance characteristics. The antenna was optimized, fabricated, and tested. The measured results, in good agreement with their simulated values, demonstrate that the antenna yields a ultra-wide, 67.7%, –10-dB impedance bandwidth with stable realized gain values, ~ 1.6 dBi, and high radiation efficiency (RE) values, RE > 77%, over its entire operational bandwidth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Antenna measurements
  • Dipole antennas
  • Electrically small antennas
  • Finite element analysis
  • Gallium arsenide
  • Impedance
  • Integrated circuit modeling
  • Ultra wideband antennas
  • grid array antennas (GAAs)
  • inductive metasurface
  • low-profile
  • near-field resonant parasitic (NFRP) elements
  • ultra-wideband (UWB)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Low-Profile, Electrically Small, Ultra-Wideband Antenna Enabled with an Inductive Grid Array Metasurface'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this