Low-head bubbler irrigation systems. Part I: Design

Curt Reynolds, Muluneh Yitayew, Margaret Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Low-head bubbler systems differ from other micro-irrigation systems because they are based on gravity-flow, can operate at pressures as low as 1 m (3.3 ft) and do not require elaborate filtration systems. Despite their simplicity and advantages, low-head bubbler systems lack a well-defined design procedure to facilitate design and installation. A comprehensive design procedure for low-head bubbler systems is presented and an example gradual slope design is given in detail. The design procedure utilizes head loss gradient charts based on the Darcy-Weisbach equation and the delivery hose elevations are calculated from the energy equation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalAgricultural Water Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 15 1995


  • Bubbler irrigation
  • Gravity-flow systems
  • Hydraulics
  • Irrigation design
  • Microirrigation
  • Orchards

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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