Low generation photochromic monodendrons on a solid surface

A. Sidorenko, C. Houphouet-Boigny, O. Villavicencio, D. V. McGrath, V. V. Tsukruk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Zeroth through third generations of amphiphilic monodendrons containing a benzyl-15-crown-5 polar focal point, photochromic spacer, and alkyl tails as peripheral groups have been investigated for their ability to form photoresponsive surface monolayers. Thickness measurements, scanning probe microscopy, and molecular modeling were used to determine the microstructure of the monolayers. The tilted molecular packing of dendrons in the monolayers is proposed with bulky dendritic shell prohibiting dense packing of azobenzene groups and the aggregate formation. The two-stage trans-cis isomerization was observed for the photochromic monodendron layers composed of various generation dendrons. Fast changes within the first several minutes occurred in the azobenzene-containing monodendrons until the conversion of trans-cis isomerization reaches 13-33%. Then lateral steric hindrances in the monolayer decreases the transformation rate by three orders of magnitude. Diffusion limited intralayer reorganization is suggested to be a limiting factor in the rate of photoisomerization changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-158
Number of pages12
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - May 1 2002


  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Langmuir-Blodgett films
  • Monolayers
  • Surface and interface states

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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