Loss of calpain 10 causes mitochondrial dysfunction during chronic hyperglycemia

Matthew A. Smith, Marisa D. Covington, Rick G. Schnellmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

We showed that renal calpain 10, a mitochondrial and cytosolic Ca 2+-regulated cysteine protease, is specifically decreased in kidneys of diabetic rats and mice, and is associated with diabetic nephropathy. The goals of this study were to examine renal calpain 10 and mitochondrial dysfunction in streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic rats and determine the effects of siRNA-mediated knock down of renal calpain 10 on mitochondrial function. Four weeks after streptozotocin injection, calpain 10 protein and mRNA were decreased and calpain 10 substrates accumulated. We detected increased state 2 respiration in isolated renal mitochondria and increased markers of mitochondrial fission and mitophagy. All changes were prevented by daily insulin injection. Compared to scrambled siRNA, calpain 10 siRNA resulted in a marked decrease in renal calpain 10 at 2, 5 and 7 days. In concert with the loss of renal calpain 10, calpain 10 substrates accumulated, mitochondrial fusion decreased, mitochondrial fission and mitophagy increased. In summary, insulin-sensitive hyperglycemia induced loss of renal calpain 10 is correlated with renal mitochondrial dysfunction, fission and mitophagy, and specific depletion of renal calpain 10 produces similar mitochondrial defects. These results provide evidence that diabetes-induced renal mitochondrial dysfunction and renal injury may directly result from the loss of renal calpain 10.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-168
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume523
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calpain 10
  • Dysfunction
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Kidney
  • Mitochondria
  • siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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