Longitudinal Profiles of Psychological Well-Being and Health: Findings From Japan

Jiah Yoo, Carol D. Ryff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Studies have reported relationships between psychological well-being and physical health in Western cultural contexts. However, longitudinal associations between well-being and health have not been examined in other cultures where different values and beliefs about well-being exist. This paper examined whether longitudinal profiles of well-being predict prospective health among Japanese adults. Data came from 654 people who completed two waves of the Midlife in Japan (MIDJA) Study collected 4–5 years apart. Health outcomes were assessed with subjective health, chronic conditions, physical symptoms, and functional health. The results showed that persistently high well-being predicted better health over time. High-arousal positive affect, which is relatively less valued in Japanese culture, was also associated with better health. The findings add cross-cultural evidence to the cross-time link between well-being and health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2746
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
StatePublished - Dec 10 2019


  • chronic illness
  • culture
  • healthy functioning
  • longitudinal
  • physical symptoms
  • protective factors
  • well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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