Localized strain analysis of ce-and mg-treated cast iron under uniaxial compression

Subhojit Chakraborty, Joseph Indeck, Philipp Steinmetz, Jessica Friess, Kavan Hazeli, Amber L. Genau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cast iron exhibits a wide range of mechanical properties, depending on its microstructural features. The microstructure of cast iron consists of several microconstituents with different elastic-plastic behavior, making the strain non-uniform across the bulk material. To understand the individual effects of these microconstituents on the overall mechanical behavior, local strain analysis using digital image correlation analysis was carried out. Samples with two different compositions (varying cerium, magnesium and silicon) were processed at different solidification velocities in a Bridgman furnace. Sections of the directionally solidified samples were loaded under uniaxial compression to measure global and local strain behavior. Despite the variability of the microstructure, the stress–strain curves obtained by digital image correlation (DIC) were found to react in a well-controlled way to changes in solidification velocity. It was observed that high-strain failure (greater than 15%) was accompanied by local straining of the softer ferritic phase, but during low-strain failure, local straining was not prominent. Higher nodularities, due to higher solidification velocities, raised the compressive strength without affecting the toughness significantly. Higher percentages of carbides led to higher compressive strengths with corresponding losses in ductility. The continuity of the matrix was also found to play an important role in the behavior during compression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1638
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Brittle failure
  • Cast iron
  • Digital image correlation (DIC)
  • Ductile failure
  • Graphite morphology
  • Mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Metals and Alloys


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