Lithium abundances in a sample of planet-hosting dwarfs

L. Ghezzi, K. Cunha, V. V. Smith, R. De La Reza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work presents a homogeneous determination of lithium abundances in a large sample of giant-planet-hosting stars (N=117) and a control sample of disk stars without detected planets (N = 145). The lithium abundances were derived using a detailed profile fitting of the Li i doublet at 6708 Å in LTE. The planet-hosting and comparison stars were chosen to have significant overlap in their respective physical properties, including effective temperatures, luminosities, masses, metallicities, and ages. The combination of uniform data and homogeneous analysis with well-selected samples makes this study well suited to probe for possible differences in the lithium abundances found in planet-hosting stars. An overall comparison between the two samples reveals no obvious differences between stars with and without planets. A closer examination of the behavior of the Li abundances over a narrow range of effective temperature (5700 K ≤ Teff ≤ 5850 K) indicates subtle differences between the two stellar samples; this temperature range is particularly sensitive to various physical processes that can deplete lithium. In this Teff range, planet-hosting stars have lower Li abundances (by ∼0.26 dex on average) than the comparison stars, although this segregation may be influenced by combining stars from a range of ages, metallicities, and masses. When stars with very restricted ranges in metallicity ([Fe/H] = 0.00 to +0.20 dex) and mass (M ∼ 1.05-1.15 Modot;) are compared, however, both stars with and without planets exhibit similar behaviors in the lithium abundance with stellar age, suggesting that there are no differences in the lithium abundances between stars with planets and stars not known to have planets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-164
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume724
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Line: profiles
  • Planetary systems
  • Planets and satellites: formation
  • Stars: abundances
  • Stars: atmospheres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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