Lipopolysaccharide priming of alveolar macrophages for enhanced synthesis of prostanoids involves induction of a novel prostaglandin H synthase

M. G. O'Sullivan, F. H. Chilton, E. M. Huggins, C. E. McCall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

195 Scopus citations


We report here that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) priming of rabbit alveolar macrophages leads to amplified synthesis of prostanoids, at least in part, by induction of a novel prostaglandin H synthase (PGH synthase). Rabbit alveolar macrophages were cultured with or without added LPS derived from Escherichia coli 0111:B4 for 4 h and then stimulated with opsonized zymosan (OPZ). LPS priming of alveolar macrophages resulted in enhanced release of thromboxane (TX) upon stimulation with OPZ, when compared to stimulated non-LPS controls. Addition of exogenous arachidonic acid to LPS-primed alveolar macrophages also resulted in increased production of TX. The LPS-induced increase in TX formation, in response to OPZ or arachidonic acid, was abolished by the addition of actinomycin D or cycloheximide during the priming period. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis indicated that levels of prostaglandins D2, E2, and F(2α), along with TX, were augmented in stimulated LPS-primed alveolar macrophages, implicating PGH synthase in the priming process. PGH synthase enzymatic activity, as determined by addition of arachidonic acid to macrophage sonicates, was markedly enhanced in LPS- primed alveolar macrophages. This correlated with increased PGH synthase levels detected by immunoprecipitation of 35S-labeled proteins and by Western blot analysis. Finally, Northern blot analysis using a cDNA probe to the recently described mitogen-inducible mouse PGH synthase revealed strong induction of approximately 4.3-kilobase mRNA in LPS-primed alveolar macrophages. Taken together, these results reveal that induction of a novel PGH synthase, probably the rabbit homologue of PGH synthase-2, plays a role in the enhanced synthesis of prostanoids by LPS-primed alveolar macrophages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14547-14550
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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