Liminality in cultural transition: Applying ID-EA to advance a concept into theory-based practice

Martha B. Baird, Pamela G. Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


As global migration increases worldwide, nursing interventions are needed to address the effects of migration on health. The concept of liminality emerged as a pivotal concept in the situation-specific theory of well-being in refugee women experiencing cultural transition. As a relatively new concept in the discipline of nursing, liminality is explored using a method, called ID-EA, which we developed to advance a theoretical concept for application to nursing practice. Liminality in the context of cultural transition is further developed using the five steps of inquiry of the ID-EA method. The five steps are as follows: (1) inductive inquiry: qualitative research, (2) deductive inquiry: literature review, (3) synthesis of inductive and deductive inquiry, (4) evaluation inquiry, and (5) application-to-practice inquiry. The overall goal of this particular work was to develop situation-specific, theory-based interventions that facilitate cultural transitions for immigrants and refugees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-37
Number of pages13
JournalResearch and Theory for Nursing Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015


  • Cultural transition
  • ID-EA method of concept development
  • Liminality
  • Practice theory
  • Refugees
  • Situation-specific theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory


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