Provided is the surgical procedure for ligating the left circumflex coronary artery to simulate heart ischemia by using a rabbit model. Heart rate monitored by electrocardiogram was increased at 5 min after ligation (mean ± SEM, 205 ± 13 bpm) when compared with that before ligation (170 ± 12 bpm), but returned to baseline at 25 min after ligation (183 ± 11 bpm). A marked elevation in the ST segment and reduction of the QRS wave of the electrocardiogram indicated the evolving myocardial infarct. The ejection fraction derived from MRI was decreased by 20% in the infarcted heart. The extent of necrosis and fibrosis in the myocardium due to ischemia led to decreased compliance and efficiency of the left ventricle. Masson trichrome staining showed blue-stained fibrils with the appearance of loose, threadlike scar tissue dispersed transmurally in the left ventricle and extending toward the apex. This study demonstrates the feasibility of MRI analysis of myocardial infarction in a rabbit model. The myocardial architecture, including the geometry of the myofibers which determines the contractile function of the heart, is clearly demonstrated by using cardiac MRI. Understanding the 3-dimensional arrangement of the myocardial microstructure and how remodeling of the infarcted myocardium affects cardiac function in an animal model has important implications for the study of heart disease in humans.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science|
|State||Published - Nov 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology