Life-history variation predicts the effects of demographic stochasticity on avian population dynamics

Bernt Erik Sæther, Steinar Engen, Anders Pape Møller, Henri Weimerskirch, Marcel E. Visser, Wolfgang Fiedler, Erik Matthysen, Marcel M. Lambrechts, Alexander Badyaev, Peter H. Becker, Jon E. Brommer, Dariusz Bukacinski, Monika Bukacinska, Hans Christensen, Janis Dickinson, Chris Du Feu, Frederick R. Gehlbach, Dik Heg, Hermann Hötker, Juha MeriläJan Tøttrup Nielsen, Wallace Rendell, Raleigh J. Robertson, David L. Thomson, János Török, Piet Van Hecke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


Comparative analyses of avian population fluctuations have shown large interspecific differences in population variability that have been difficult to relate to variation in general ecological characteristics. Here we show that interspecific variation in demographic stochasticity, caused by random variation among individuals in their fitness contributions, can be predicted from a knowledge of the species' position along a "slow-fast" gradient of life-history variation, ranging from high reproductive species with short life expectancy at one end to species that often produce a single offspring but survive well at the other end of the continuum. The demographic stochasticity decreased with adult survival rate, age at maturity, and generation time or the position of the species toward the slow end of the slow-fast life-history gradient. This relationship between life-history characteristics and demographic stochasticity was related to interspecific differences in the variation among females in recruitment as well as to differences in the individual variation in survival. Because reproductive decisions in birds are often subject to strong natural selection, our results provide strong evidence for adaptive modifications of reproductive investment through life-history evolution of the influence of stochastic variation on avian population dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)793-802
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Naturalist
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2004


  • Birds
  • Demographic stochasticity
  • Environmental stochasticity
  • Life-history variation
  • Stochastic population dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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