Naming times and word-nonword classification times (lexical decision times) for samples of words, nonwords, and unfamiliar words were compared. It was found that naming times for words were shorter than for nonwords, and that naming times for high frequency words were shorter than for low frequency words, indicating that word naming occurred as a result of a lexical search procedure, rather than occurring prior to lexical search. It was also found that there was a positive correlation between naming times and lexical decision times for words, but not for nonwords. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for the phonemic recoding hypothesis of Rubenstein, Lewis, and Rubenstein (1971).
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