Learnful L2 Gaming: The Wisdom of the Wild

Jonathon Reinhardt, Yiting Han

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


This chapter discusses the informal practice of learnful L2 gaming, that is, playing a vernacular (commercial, non-educational) game for the intentional, sometimes incidental purpose of L2 use and practice. The introduction discusses the reasons for this widespread practice and the background section surveys associated theory and research, focusing specifically on informal learning, the notions of learnfulness and gamefulness, and L2 learning with games. The chapter then presents a descriptive study that surveys online, informal advice on learnful L2 gaming culled from three openly accessible online forums from 2014–2016: Reddit, Quora, and Duolingo. In brief, users suggested choosing the right game, playing it learnfully, and interacting with others through and around it, suggestions which mirror findings from research and formal practice. Further discussion of this ‘wisdom of the wild’ conclude the chapter, with implications for pedagogy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEducational Linguistics
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages19
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NameEducational Linguistics
ISSN (Print)1572-0292
ISSN (Electronic)2215-1656


  • Digital game-based language learning
  • Gamefulness
  • Informal learning
  • Learner autonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


Dive into the research topics of 'Learnful L2 Gaming: The Wisdom of the Wild'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this