Laying the Foundation for the Challenge-Hindrance Stressor Framework 2.0

Nathan P. Podsakoff, Kristen J. Freiburger, Philip M. Podsakoff, Christopher C. Rosen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Although traditional views of workplace stress assume that all job demands have deleterious consequences, research indicates that some job demands may benefit employees. Notably, the Challenge-Hindrance Stressor Framework (CHSF) proposes that, although job demands that constrain, hinder, or thwart personal growth and achievement (hindrance stressors) have negative effects on work-related outcomes, job demands that provide the potential for personal growth and achievement (challenge stressors) have positive effects on these outcomes. Despite the attention generated by the CHSF, several criticisms and limitations hinder the potential of this framework. Thus, this article reviews our current understanding of the CHSF, addresses important criticisms about the nature and effects of challenge and hindrance stressors, and discusses how future research should approach conceptual and methodological challenges to lay the foundation for the next iteration of this framework mdash CHSF 2.0. Building on this new framework, we discuss some implications for cross-cultural research and for practitioners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-199
Number of pages35
JournalAnnual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior
StatePublished - Jan 23 2023


  • Conservation of Resources theory
  • Job Demands-Resources
  • Transactional Theory of Stress
  • appraisals
  • challenge and hindrance stressors
  • negativity bias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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