Large-scale CO maps of the Lupus Molecular Cloud Complex

N. F.H. Tothill, A. Löhr, S. C. Parshley, A. A. Stark, A. P. Lane, J. I. Harnett, G. A. Wright, C. K. Walker, T. L. Bourke, P. C. Myers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Fully sampled degree-scale maps of the 13CO 2-1 and CO 4-3 transitions toward three members of the Lupus Molecular Cloud Complex - Lupus I, III, and IV - trace the column density and temperature of the molecular gas. Comparison with IR extinction maps from the c2d project requires most of the gas to have a temperature of 8-10 K. Estimates of the cloud mass from 13CO emission are roughly consistent with most previous estimates, while the line widths are higher, around 2 km s-1. CO 4-3 emission is found throughout Lupus I, indicating widespread dense gas, and toward Lupus III and IV. Enhanced line widths at the NW end and along the edge of the B 228 ridge in Lupus I, and a coherent velocity gradient across the ridge, are consistent with interaction between the molecular cloud and an expanding H I shell from the Upper-Scorpius subgroup of the Sco-Cen OB Association. Lupus III is dominated by the effects of two HAe/Be stars, and shows no sign of external influence. Slightly warmer gas around the core of Lupus IV and a low line width suggest heating by the Upper-Centaurus-Lupus subgroup of Sco-Cen, without the effects of an H I shell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-123
Number of pages26
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • ISM: clouds
  • ISM: individual (Lupus)
  • Submillimeter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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