We report 59 patients who were considered candidates for laparoscopically assisted surgical staging (LASS) to manage their clinical stage I adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Their ages ranged from 40 to 85 years, with a mean of 69; their weights ranged from 102 to 267 pounds, with a mean of 153 pounds. Patients with intraperitoneal disease were taken off study. Laparoscopic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomies were performed based on the grade of the tumor and the depth of myometrial invasion. Six patients were discovered to have intraperitoneal disease. Of the remaining 53 patients, 29 underwent lymphadenectomy, 1 of whom had positive para-aortic nodes. Of the 24 patients who did not have laparoscopic lymphadenectomy, 2 should have, according to the study criteria; however, obesity precluded this from being performed. Eight patients had grade 3 lesions; of these, 4 lesions had metastasized. The remaining 3 patients with metastatic disease had grade 2 lesions. Complications were related to the laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy and resulted in two laparotomies: one for a transected ureter and the other for a cystotomy. Estimated blood loss was <200 cc and the average hospital stay was 2.9 days. We feel that LASS is an attractive alternative to the traditional surgical approach in patients with stage I endometrial carcinoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology