Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer

Lida P. Hariri, Garret T. Bonnema, Kathy Schmidt, Amy M. Winkler, Vrushali Korde, Kenneth D. Hatch, John R. Davis, Molly A. Brewer, Jennifer K. Barton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


Objectives: Ovarian cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death among women in the US largely due to late detection secondary to unreliable symptomology and screening tools without adequate resolution. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a recently emerging imaging modality with promise in ovarian cancer diagnostics, providing non-destructive subsurface imaging at imaging depths up to 2 mm with near-histological grade resolution (10-20 μm). In this study, we developed the first ever laparoscopic OCT (LOCT) device, evaluated the safety and feasibility of LOCT, and characterized the microstructural features of human ovaries in vivo. Methods: A custom LOCT device was fabricated specifically for laparoscopic imaging of the ovaries in patients undergoing oophorectomy. OCT images were compared with histopathology to identify preliminary architectural imaging features of normal and pathologic ovarian tissue. Results: Thirty ovaries in 17 primarily peri- or post-menopausal women were successfully imaged with LOCT: 16 normal, 5 endometriosis, 3 serous cystadenoma, and 4 adenocarcinoma. Preliminary imaging features developed for each category reveal qualitative differences in the homogeneous character of normal post-menopausal ovary, the ability to image small subsurface inclusion cysts, and distinguishable features for endometriosis, cystadenoma, and adenocarcinoma. Conclusions: We present the development and successful implementation of the first laparoscopic OCT probe. Comparison of OCT images and corresponding histopathology allowed for the description of preliminary microstructural features for normal ovary, endometriosis, and benign and malignant surface epithelial neoplasms. These results support the potential of OCT both as a diagnostic tool and an imaging modality for further evaluation of ovarian cancer pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalGynecologic oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2009


  • Endometriosis
  • Endoscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Ovarian imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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