Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager on-orbit radiometric calibration and stability

Brian L. Markham, Julia A. Barsi, Edward Kaita, Lawrence Ong, Md Obaidul Haque, Nischal Mishra, Jeffrey Czapla-Myers, Nima Pahlevan, Dennis Helder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat-8 has been collecting imagery on orbit for 17 months. The radiometric performance of the OLI is monitored using on-board systems (lamps and solar diffusers) as well as by reference to lunar and ground measurements and other satellite systems. Over this nearly 1a1/2 years of operation the OLI has been extremely radiometrically stable in all of its 9 spectral bands. Only the shortest wavelength band, centered at 443 nm, which has degraded about 0.8%, has changed by more than the variability among the measurements (0.2%). This consistency between the lamps, diffusers, moon, and ground measurements lends high confidence to these statements, which is unusual for a system so early in its lifetime. Comparisons to other satellite systems and ground measurements show that the OLI is calibrated to within requirements and generally better than 3% in both radiance and reflectance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEarth Observing Systems XIX
EditorsXiaoxiong Xiong, Xingfa Gu, James J. Butler
ISBN (Electronic)9781628412451
StatePublished - 2014
EventEarth Observing Systems XIX - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 18 2014Aug 20 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


OtherEarth Observing Systems XIX
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


  • Calibration
  • Landsat-8
  • OLI
  • Radiometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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