Land Tenure, Tenure Security and Farm Efficiency: Panel Evidence from the Philippines

Jeffrey D. Michler, Gerald E. Shively

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


This article tests the relationships among formalised property rights, land tenure contracts and productive efficiency in farming. Using four rounds of panel data from 230 rice farms in the Philippines, we measure the effects of land tenure arrangements on farm efficiency using a stochastic production frontier model. We test for the allocative efficiency of observed land rental markets. We also test how land tenure security affects farmers' investment decisions. Results suggest that, despite the presence of formalised titles, the rental market remains inefficient at allocating land. In contrast, the unformalised tenure contracts used by farmers appear to provide tenure security.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-169
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Agricultural Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Agrarian reform
  • Land tenure
  • Philippines
  • Stochastic production frontier
  • Technical efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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