Kzulite, an Mn-rich alkali amphibole

Madison C. Barkley, Hexiong Yang, Robert T. Downs

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2 Scopus citations


The crystal structure of kôzulite, an Mn-rich alkali amphibole with the ideal formula NaNa2[Mn4 2+(Fe 3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2, tris-odium tetra-manganese iron/aluminium octa-silicate dihydroxide, was refined from a natural specimen with composition (K0.20Na0.80)(Na 1.60Ca0.18Mn2+ 0.22)(Mn2+ 2.14Mn3+ 0.25Mg2.20Fe3+ 0.27Al0.14)(Si7.92Al0.06Ti 0.02)O22[(OH)1.86F0.14]. The site occupancies determined from the refinements are M1 = 0.453 (1) Mn + 0.547 (1) Mg, M2 = 0.766 (1) Mn + 0.234 (1) Mg, and M3 = 0.257 (1) Mn + 0.743 (1) Mg, where Mn and Mg represent (Mn+Fe) and (Mg+Al), respectively. The average M - O bond lengths are 2.064 (1), 2.139 (1), and 2.060 (1) Å for the M1, M2, and M3 sites, respectively, indicating the preference of large Mn2+ for the M2 site. Four partially occupied amphibole A sites were revealed from the refinement, with A(m) = 0.101 (4) K, A(m)′ = 0.187 (14) Na, A(2) = 0.073 (6) Na, and A(1) = 0.056 (18) Na, in accord with the result derived from microprobe analysis (0.20 K + 0.80 Na), considering experimental uncertainties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)i83
JournalActa Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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