Kunashir (Kuriles) Oak 400-year reconstruction of temperature and relation to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation

G. Jacoby, O. Solomina, D. Frank, N. Eremenko, R. D'Arrigo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Paleoclimatic records of northwest Pacific variations are scarce but can be extended by proxy records from old-aged trees around the North Pacific Rim. In July of 2001 on Kunashir Island at the southern extent of the Kuriles, tree cores were extracted from century-old oaks (Quercus crispula) and developed into a 400-year tree-ring width index series. Analyses showed the ring-width indices to correlate strongly with summer (June-September) temperatures as recorded at Ugno-Kurilsky on the Island. The summer temperatures were reconstructed using the tree-ring data and 52% of the variance was explained by the tree-ring indices. The recorded temperature data and the tree-ring data show similar correlation patterns with sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) of the North Pacific. Studies of North Pacific variations, as quantified by the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), show the PDO to be an important index of large-scale climate variation. The tree-ring series explains more than 33% of the variance of the July-September Pacific Decadal Oscillation and has similar spectral properties, further supporting the concept of multidecadal variation or shifts in North Pacific climate, for four centuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-311
Number of pages9
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - Jul 6 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • North Pacific
  • PDO
  • Paleoclimate
  • Tree rings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Palaeontology


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