Know thyself: Real-world behavioral correlates of self-appraisal accuracy

Casey E. Krueger, Howard J. Rosen, H. Gerry Taylor, Kimberly A. Espy, Jeffrey Schatz, Celiane Rey-Casserly, Joel H. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Accurate appraisal of one's own abilities is one metacognitive skill considered to be an important factor affecting learning and behavior in childhood. The present study measured self-appraisal accuracy in children using tasks of executive function, and investigated relations between self-appraisal and informant ratings of real-world behaviors measured by the BRIEF. We examined self-appraisal accuracy on fluency tasks in 91 children ages 10-17. More accurate self-appraisal was correlated with fewer informant ratings of real-world behavior problems in inhibition and shifting, independent of actual performance. Findings suggest that self-appraisal represents cognitive processes that are at least partially independent of other functions putatively dependent on the frontal lobes, and these self-appraisal-specific processes have unique implications for optimal daily function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)741-756
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Neuropsychologist
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 2011


  • Awareness
  • Child behavior
  • Executive Function
  • Meta-cognition
  • Self-assessment
  • Self-concept

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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