Kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillation and atoll source states in 4U 0614+09

M. Méndez, M. Van Der Klis, J. Van Paradijs, W. H.G. Lewin, F. K. Lamb, B. A. Vaughan, E. Kuulkers, D. Psaltis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


We report three RXTE/PCA observations of the low-mass X-ray binary 4U 0614+09. They show strong (∼30% rms) band-limited noise with a cutoff frequency varying between 0.7 and 15 Hz in correlation with the X-ray flux, fx. We observe two nonsimultaneous 11%-15% (rms) kHz peaks near 728 and 629 Hz in the power spectra of two of our observations when fx ∼ 10-9 ergs cm-2 s-1 (2-10 keV) but find no quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs; <6% rms) when fx is half that. We suggest that count rate may not be a good measure for Ṁ even in sources as intrinsically weak as 4U 0614+09 and that QPO frequency and noise cutoff frequency track Ṁ more closely than count rate. The QPO increases in rms amplitude from 11% ±1.3% at 3 keV to 37% ± 12% at 23 keV; the fractional amplitude of the band-limited noise is energy independent. This suggests different sites of origin for these two phenomena. The spectrum of the oscillating flux roughly corresponds to a black body with temperature 1.56 ± 0.2 keV and radius 500 ± 200 m (other models fit as well), which might indicate that the oscillations originate at a small region on the neutron star surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L37-L40
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 PART II
StatePublished - 1997


  • Accretion, accretion disks
  • Stars: neutron
  • X-rays: stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillation and atoll source states in 4U 0614+09'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this