Kidney Graft Surveillance Biopsy Utilization and Trends: Results From a Survey of High-Volume Transplant Centers

Darren M. Lee, Michael M. Abecassis, John J. Friedewald, Stanley Rose, M. Roy First

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


An e-mail-based market research survey focused on high-volume US adult transplant centers was developed and implemented to assess surveillance based on United Network for Organ Sharing/Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients data: 51 to 100 transplants, 101 to 200 transplants, and more than 200 transplants. Eighty-three centers responded to the survey. Respondent centers represented 13,837/21,167 (65%) of the total kidney transplants in 2018. In total, 38/83 (46%) centers reported the use of surveillance biopsies—20 centers in all patients and 18 in select patients. Surveillance biopsies were performed in 37% (7/19) of centers performing 51 to 100 transplants annually, in 44% (15/34) doing 101 to 200 transplants, and in 53% (16/30) of centers doing more than 200 transplants. Of the 20 centers doing surveillance biopsies in all patients, 17/20 (85%) perform more than 100 annual transplants, and 3/20 (15%) perform less than 100 annual transplants. Of the 45 centers not currently doing surveillance biopsies, 13 (29%) used surveillance biopsies in the past; discontinuation was primarily due to patient inconvenience, adverse events, and cost. Using survey percentages, it is estimated that surveillance biopsies are performed in approximately 34% of kidney transplant recipients and that 74% of all surveillance biopsies occur in centers performing more than 100 kidney transplants per year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3085-3089
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation


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