Kepler detection of a new extreme planetary system orbiting the subdwarf-B pulsator KIC 10001893

R. Silvotti, S. Charpinet, E. Green, G. Fontaine, J. H. Telting, R. H. Østensen, V. Van Grootel, A. S. Baran, S. Schuh, L. Fox MacHado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

KIC 10001893 is one out of 19 subdwarf-B (sdB) pulsators observed by the Kepler spacecraft in its primary mission. In addition to tens of pulsation frequencies in the g-mode domain, its Fourier spectrum shows three weak peaks at very low frequencies, which is too low to be explained in terms of g modes. The most convincing explanation is that we are seeing the orbital modulation of three Earth-size planets (or planetary remnants) in very tight orbits, which are illuminated by the strong stellar radiation. The orbital periods are P1 = 5.273, P2 = 7.807, and P3 = 19.48 h, and the period ratios P2/P1 = 1.481 and P3/P2 = 2.495 are very close to the 3:2 and 5:2 resonances, respectively. One of the main pulsation modes of the star at 210.68 μHz corresponds to the third harmonic of the orbital frequency of the inner planet, suggesting that we see, for the first time in an sdB star, g-mode pulsations tidally excited by a planetary companion. The extreme planetary system that emerges from the Kepler data is very similar to the recent discovery of two Earth-size planets orbiting the sdB pulsator KIC 05807616 (Charpinet et al. 2011a).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA130
JournalAstronomy and astrophysics
Volume570
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Asteroseismology
  • Planetary systems
  • Stars: horizontal-branch
  • Stars: oscillations
  • Techniques: photometric
  • Techniques: radial velocities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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