JWST Observations of the Enigmatic Y-Dwarf WISE 1828+2650. I. Limits to a Binary Companion

Matthew De Furio, Ben Lew, Charles Beichman, Thomas Roellig, Geoffrey Bryden, David Ciardi, Michael Meyer, Marcia Rieke, Alexandra Greenbaum, Jarron Leisenring, Jorge Llop-Sayson, Marie Ygouf, Loic Albert, Martha Boyer, Daniel Eisenstein, Klaus Hodapp, Scott Horner, Doug Johnstone, Doug Kelly, Karl MisseltGeorge Rieke, John Stansberry, Erick Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The Y-dwarf WISE 1828+2650 is one of the coldest known brown dwarfs with an effective temperature of ∼300 K. Located at a distance of just 10 pc, previous model-based estimates suggest WISE1828+2650 has a mass of ∼5-10 M J, making it a valuable laboratory for understanding the formation, evolution, and physical characteristics of gas giant planets. However, previous photometry and spectroscopy have presented a puzzle, with the near impossibility of simultaneously fitting both the short- (0.9-2.0 μm) and long-wavelength (3-5 μm) data. A potential solution to this problem has been the suggestion that WISE 1828+2650 is a binary system whose composite spectrum might provide a better match to the data. Alternatively, new models being developed to fit JWST/NIRSpec, and MIRI spectroscopy might provide new insights. This article describes JWST/NIRCam observations of WISE 1828+2650 in six filters to address the binarity question and to provide new photometry to be used in model fitting. We also report adaptive optics imaging with the Keck I0 m telescope. We find no evidence for multiplicity for a companion beyond 0.5 au with either JWST or Keck. Companion articles will present low- and high-resolution spectra of WISE 1828 obtained with both NIRSpec and MIRI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number92
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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