'it is certainly strange.': Attacks on ethnic studies and whiteness as property

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15 Scopus citations


In 2010, Arizona passed legislation that attacked ethnic studies in k-12 (kindergarten to 12th grade). Specifically, Mexican American/Raza Studies (MARS) was targeted by the state Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI), and, in effect, would be eliminated by the Prohibited Courses; Discipline; Schools Law (Prohibited Courses Law). This study utilizes document and content analysis to examine both a letter written by the SPI calling for the elimination of MARS, and the text of the Prohibited Courses Law. Framing the work within critical race theory, these two documents work together to normalize and make property of whiteness in Arizona's public schools, and re-create a hegemonic status quo. In addition, this study analyzes how MARS acts as a site of counter-hegemonic activity by scrutinizing customary discourses as presented in schools and curricula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-838
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Education Policy
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2011


  • Critical race theory
  • Mexican american studies
  • Whiteness as property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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