Invited review: Physiological and behavioral effects of heat stress in dairy cows

C. A. Becker, R. J. Collier, A. E. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Animal welfare can be negatively affected when dairy cattle experience heat stress. Managing heat stress has become more of a challenge than ever before, due to the increasing number of production animals with increased milk yield, and therefore greater metabolic activity. Environmental temperatures have increased by 1.0°C since the 1800s and are expected to continue to increase by another 1.5°C between 2030 and 2052. Heat stress affects production, reproduction, nutrition, health, and welfare. Means exist to monitor and evaluate heat stress in dairy cattle, as well as different ways to abate heat, all with varying levels of effectiveness. This paper is a summary and compilation of information on dairy cattle heat stress over the years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6751-6770
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of dairy science
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • abatement
  • dairy
  • heat
  • temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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