As two important reactive oxygen species, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hypochlorous acid (HClO) play vital roles in many physiological and pathological processes. However, the relationship between these two species is seldom investigated, in part, because of the lack of robust molecular tools that can simultaneously visualize HClO and H2O2 in biosystems. In this work, we present a design strategy to construct a single fluorescent probe that can detect H2O2 and HClO by simultaneously monitoring two distinct detection channels. In the design, one phenothiazine-based coumarin serves as a chromophore and sensor for HClO, while a second coumarin precursor containing a boronate ester acts as a sensor for H2O2. After a head-to-head screening of three candidates differing in their coumarin precursor moieties, probe CSU1 was found to have the optimal characteristics. As shown experimentally, it is able to detect them selectively and sensitively to generate distinct fluorescence signals and patterns in living cells. Furthermore, the endogenous generation of HClO from H2O2 and Cl- catalyzed by myeloperoxidase enzyme in living cells can be clearly monitored by the probe. These studies demonstrate the potential of the probe as a powerful tool to investigate the interplay of HClO and H2O2 in oxidative stress.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry