Investigation of high-pressure micro jet technology as an alternative to diamond disc conditioning in ILD CMP

Darren DeNardis, Yoshiyuki Seike, Mineo Takaoka, Keiji Miyachi, Ara Philipossian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The efficacy of an alternative to conventional diamond conditioning in chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) was evaluated in this study. The high pressure micro jet (HPMJ) system sprays ultra-pure water (UPW) at pressures ranging from 10 to 20 MPa onto a CMP pad to clean the pad of slurry residue, remove embedded slurry particles, and re-establish pad asperities. The system is employed in an ex situ fashion and is compared to in situ and ex situ diamond conditioning as well as using no conditioning. Real-time frictional force acquisition allows for coefficient of friction (COF) analysis, which indicates the extent of pad wear. Removal rate analysis, SEM imagery, and pad surface profilometry are also used to evaluate HPMJ as an alternative conditioning technology. Removal rates significantly lower than those associated with diamond conditioning are obtained for the HPMJ system when UPW conditioning is directly followed by polishing. SEM imagery and pad profilimetry indicate these low HPMJ removal rates are due to differences in pad surface chemistry, not pad surface topography. Experiments including a 30 s silicon wafer polish with slurry following HPMJ conditioning to re-establish pad surface chemistry were performed and result in removal rates that are comparable to those obtained using ex situ conditioning. The removal rates obtained using HPMJ conditioning for relative wafer-platen velocities of 0.31 and 0.62 m/s are 8 and 1% higher than those obtained using ex situ diamond conditioning and 18% lower than those obtained using ex situ diamond conditioning for 0.93 m/s. The average COF values for HPMJ conditioning using the intermediate silicon wafer polishes are 15% lower than average COF values associated with ex situ diamond conditioning, suggesting a possible increase in pad life for the HPMJ system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1224-1231
Number of pages8
Issue number11-12
StatePublished - Jun 30 2006


  • CMP
  • Coefficient of friction
  • Conditioning
  • Pad life
  • Pad wear
  • Tribology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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