Invasiveness, biology, ecology, and management of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda

Marc Kenis, Giovanni Benelli, Antonio Biondi, Paul André Calatayud, Roger Day, Nicolas Desneux, Rhett D. Harrison, Darren Kriticos, Ivan Rwomushana, Johnnie van den Berg, François Verheggen, Yong Jun Zhang, Lakpo Koku Agboyi, Régis Besmer Ahissou, Malick N. Ba, Julio Bernal, Adeney Freitas de Bueno, Yves Carrière, Geraldo Andrade Carvalho, Xue Xin ChenLizette Cicero, Hannalene du Plessis, Regan Early, Patrick Fallet, Komi K.M. Fiaboe, Dnyaneshwar M. Firake, Georg Goergen, Astrid T. Groot, Raul N.C. Guedes, Ankita Gupta, Gao Hu, F. N. Huang, Lara R. Jaber, Edi A. Malo, Christina B. McCarthy, Robert L. Meagher, Samira Mohamed, David Mota Sanchez, Rodney N. Nagoshi, Nicolas Nègre, Saliou Niassy, Noboru Ota, Casper Nyamukondiwa, Celso Omoto, Subba Reddy Palli, Roman Pavela, Ricardo Ramirez-Romero, Julio C. Rojas, Sevgan Subramanian, Bruce E. Tabashnik, Wee Tek Tay, Eduardo Gabriel Virla, Su Wang, Trevor Williams, Lian Sheng Zang, Lisheng Zhang, Kongming Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith, 1797), is a serious pest of several crops, particularly maize and other cereals. It has long been known as a pest in the Americas and has invaded most of Africa and parts of the Middle East, Asia, and Australia in the last six years. Its new status as an invasive species causing serious damage in many regions worldwide has highlighted the need for better understanding and has generated much research. In this article, we provide a comprehensive review of FAW covering its (i) taxonomy, biology, ecology, genomics, and microbiome, (ii) worldwide status and geographic spread, (iii) potential for geographic expansion and quarantine measures in place, and (iv) management including monitoring, sampling, forecasting, biological control, biopesticides, agroecological strategies, chemical control, insecticide resistance, effects of insecticides on natural enemies, as well as conventional and transgenic resistant cultivars. We conclude with recommendations for research to enhance the sustainable management of FAW in invaded regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-241
Number of pages55
JournalEntomologia Generalis
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2023


  • Noctuidae
  • biological control
  • biopesticides
  • genomics
  • globalization
  • integrated pest management
  • invasive species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science


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