Introduction to fetal echocardiography

K. L. Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Fetal echocardiography is used to diagnose or exclude cardiac disease before birth. Anatomic abnormalities are often associated with additional noncardiac or chromosomal defects. Fetal cardiac disease may progress as gestation advances. Signs of deterioration include cardiac dilatation, increasing valvular insufficiency, and hydrops. The detection of fetal cardiac abnormalities allows the management team to better prepare for possible complications of labor and delivery, and in some cases for treatment before birth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)811-822
Number of pages12
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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