Background: Individuals with adjustable gastric bands experience plateaus in weight loss. Patients commonly attribute this to a "loosening" of their band with time. We sought to elucidate a physiologic mechanism for this pattern in patient behavior and describe the feasibility of a pressure-based adjustment algorithm for adjustable gastric bands. Methods: Following IRB protocol, 100 consecutive patients undergoing placement of the Lap-Band (Inamed) were enrolled and followed prospectively for 12 months. Intraband pressure measurements at band volumes 0 to 4 mL were recorded intraoperatively and at each subsequent band adjustment. Band adjustments were made using the currently accepted volume-based postoperative protocol. Results: Seventy-nine patients were included in analysis. Mean percent excess weight loss for the study cohort was 36 ± 17% at a median followup of 347 days. During the time between adjustments, there was a statistically significant decrease (p < 0.001) in intraband pressure without a corresponding decrease in band volume. This was a result of a substantial change in the pressure-volume relationship of the Lap-Band. As time progressed, the Lap-Band developed less intraband pressure per unit volume. This change was not a result of changes in the elastic properties of the band material itself. Conclusions: Between adjustments, Lap-Band patients experience gradual loss of satiety and a loosening of their band, despite stable band volume. Their experience is substantiated by degradation in their intraband pressures with time. We have demonstrated that intraband pressures correlate with the patient's clinical history and have thereby established the foundation for a pressure-based adjustment protocol.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Surgeons|
|State||Published - May 2008|
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