Interpreting the Story Old Timber Can Tell: An Example from a ‘Venetian’ Building in Nafplio

Panagiotis Makris, Anastasia Christopoulou, Amalia Maria Konidi, Barbara Gmińska-Nowak, Eleftheria Tsakanika, Tomasz Ważny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The current study is a dendroarchaeological/dendroarchitectural investigation of the remains of a historically important multi-phase building, nicknamed ‘Enetiko’, located in Nafplio. Timber was used for the floors, the roof, and timber-framed walls of the building. Timber elements were also embedded in masonry. Particularly important are the architraves; ground storey timber lintels on the southern façade. According to prior research, the earliest phase was thought to date to the early 18th century with a later 19th century modification. Therefore, we applied dendrochronology to check whether it represents an early construction phase of the building and to confirm the previously mentioned different phases. Timber examination revealed six tree species and 60% of the 85 samples collected in total were dated. Imported deciduous oaks (Quercus spp.), dated c.1530 or after, represent an early Venetian or Ottoman phase of the building. Turkish origin of oaks suggests Ottoman period. Imported fir, most likely Abies alba, was dated in the 17th and 18th centuries. Black pine (Pinus nigra) from Greece and juniper (Juniperus sp.) from the East were used in interventions of the late 19th and 20th centuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-729
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Architectural Heritage
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2023


  • Abies alba
  • Greece
  • Peloponnese
  • Quercusspp
  • Venetian architecture
  • dendrochronology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Architecture
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts


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