The US-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources (UJNR) has a general objective of promoting development and conservation of natural resources through cooperative activities. Forms of cooperation include joint research projects, such as deep-sea diving, and the reciprocal exchange of scientific information, technical data, specialists, study tours and research equipment. The US-People's Republic of China (PRC) cooperation in the field of marine and fishery science and technology has completed a joint Changjiang (Yangtze River) estuary study and is beginning a joint study of interannual variability of tropical oceans and global atmosphere (TOGA) in the western Tropical Pacific Ocean. US-China cooperation is beginning. In addition to Chile's participation in TOGA, a notable three-year project entitled Tsunami Hazard Reduction Utilizing System Technology (THRUST) is to establish a real-time tsunami warning system served by satellite communication.
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