Interleukin-30 (IL27p28) alleviates experimental sepsis by modulating cytokine profile in NKT cells

Jun Yan, Abhisek Mitra, Jiemiao Hu, Jeffery J. Cutrera, Xueqing Xia, Thomas Doetschman, Mihai Gagea, Lopa Mishra, Shulin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Background & Aims Sepsis is an acute systemic inflammatory response to infection associated with high patient mortality (28-40%). We hypothesized that interleukin (IL)-30, a novel cytokine protecting mice against liver injury resulting from inflammation, would generate a protective effect against systemic inflammation and sepsis-induced death. Methods Sepsis was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The inhibitory effects of IL-30 on septic inflammation and associated therapeutic effects were determined in wild-type, IL30 (p28)-/-, IL10-/-, and CD1d-/- mice. Results Mice treated with pIL30 gene therapy or recombinant IL-30 protein (rIL30) were protected from LPS-induced septic shock or CLP-induced polymicrobial sepsis and showed markedly less liver damage and lymphocyte apoptosis than control septic mice. The resulting reduction in mortality was mediated through attenuation of the systemic pro-inflammatory response and augmentation of bacterial clearance. Mice lacking IL-30 were more sensitive to LPS-induced sepsis. Natural killer-like T cells (NKT) produced much higher levels of IL-10 and lower levels of interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in IL-30-treated septic mice than in control septic mice. Likewise, deficiency in IL-10 or NKT cells abolished the protective role of IL-30 against sepsis. Furthermore, IL-30 induced IL-10 production in purified and LPS-stimulated NKT cells. Blocking IL-6R or gp130 inhibited IL-30 mediated IL-10 production. Conclusions IL-30 is important in modulating production of NKT cytokines and subsequent NKT cell-mediated immune regulation of other cells. Therefore, IL-30 has a role in prevention and treatment of sepsis via modulation of cytokine production by NKT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1128-1136
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2016


  • Gp130.
  • IL-10
  • IL-6R
  • Liver injury
  • NF-rB
  • Natural killer T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology


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