Interferon γ induces neurite outgrowth by up-regulation of p35 neuron-specific cyclin-dependent kinase 5 activator via activation of ERK1/2 pathway

Jin H. Song, Xu Wang Chen, Doyoun K. Song, Peng Wang, Ashfaq Shuaib, Chunhai Hao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is a cytokine predominantly involved in antiproliferative and antiviral responses, immune surveillance, and tumor suppression. However, it has been shown that IFN-γ is also involved in central nervous system development. Here we studied the underlying mechanism for IFN-γ-induced neuronal differentiation using the human neuroblastoma Paju cell line. Our results indicate that IFN-γ treatment led to neurite outgrowth followed by growth arrest in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. IFN-γ induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation and subsequently the transcription factor early gene response 1, which in turn up-regulated p35 expression and increased cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) activity. IFN-γ-induced neurite outgrowth was abolished by the treatment of MEK1/2 kinase inhibitors, such as U0126 and PD98059, which inhibit the ERK1/2 activation and subsequently prevent the up-regulation of p35 expression and Cdk5 activity. In agreement with the role of p35-Cdk5 in neuronal differentiation, small interfering RNA targeting Cdk5 abrogate the IFN-γ-induced neurite outgrowth. Together, these results demonstrate for the first time that IFN-γ-triggered neuronal differentiation mediated through the up-regulation of p35-associated Cdk5 depends on the activation of the ERK1/2 pathway. Therefore, the present study suggests that IFN-γ is not only involved in tumorigenicity but also involved in neurogenesis by regulating cell proliferation and differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12896-12901
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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