Purpose: To generate and assess an algorithm combining eye tracking and speech recognition to extract brain lesion location labels automatically for deep learning (DL). Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, 700 two-dimensional brain tumor MRI scans from the Brain Tumor Segmentation database were clinically interpreted. For each image, a single radiologist dictated a standard phrase describing the lesion into a microphone, simulating clinical interpretation. Eye-tracking data were recorded simultaneously. Using speech recognition, gaze points corresponding to each lesion were obtained. Lesion locations were used to train a keypoint detection convolutional neural network to find new lesions. A network was trained to localize lesions for an independent test set of 85 images. The statistical measure to evaluate our method was percent accuracy. Results: Eye tracking with speech recognition was 92% accurate in labeling lesion locations from the training dataset, thereby demonstrating that fully simulated interpretation can yield reliable tumor location labels. These labels became those that were used to train the DL network. The detection network trained on these labels predicted lesion location of a separate testing set with 85% accuracy. Conclusion: The DL network was able to locate brain tumors on the basis of training data that were labeled automatically from simulated clinical image interpretation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Artificial Intelligence
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology